# Math

**Department Chair: **Victoria Meredith

**Course Offerings**

**Algebra I**

**Course Description**

This course provides a study of the basic principles of algebra, including using the rational number system; performing operations with polynomials; solving linear equations and inequalities; solving quadratic equations; organizing and manipulating data; and graphing linear and quadratic equations. The course requires students to use algebra as a tool for representing and solving a variety of practical problems. Students will use graphing calculators, computers and other appropriate technology.

Students taking this course will taken an end-of-course SOL test in Algebra I. Students must pass both the course and the SOL test to earn a verified credit.

**Algebra Functions & Data Analysis (AFDA)**

**Course Description**

AFDA provides an opportunity for mathematical ideas to be developed in the context of real-world problems. Students will be asked to collect and analyze univariate and bivariate data using a variety of statistics and analytical tools. They will learn to attach functional algebra to statistics, allowing for the possibility of standardizing and analyzing data through the use of mathematical models. Students will use transformational graphing and the regression capabilities of graphing calculators to find the regression equations, and they will use them to analyze the data to predict the placement of data points between and beyond the given data points.

**Geometry**

**Course Description**

This course provides a study of lines, angles, triangles, logic, polygons, circles, three-dimensional figures, coordinate relations, and transformations. In addition, this course gives the student a thorough study of proofs, including two-column proofs, indirect proofs, coordinate proofs, and verbal arguments. Students will use graphing calculators, computers and other appropriate technology. Students taking this course will take an end-of-course SOL test in Geometry. Students must pass both the course and the SOL test to earn a verified credit.

**Pre-AP Geometry**

**Course Description**

This course offers a more in-depth study of the content of Geometry with more emphasis on abstract concepts and mathematical structure. Students will use graphing calculators, computers and other appropriate technology. Students taking this course will take an end-of-course SOL test in Geometry. Students must pass both the course and the SOL test to earn a verified credit.

**Algebra II**

**Course Description**

This course includes a thorough treatment of advanced algebraic concepts provided through the study of functions, “families of functions,” equations, inequalities, systems of equations and inequalities, polynomials, rational expressions, complex numbers, matrices, and sequences and series. Emphasis will be placed on practical applications and modeling throughout the course of study. Oral and written communication concerning the language of algebra, logic of procedures, and interpretation of results will permeate the course. Students will use graphing calculators, computers, and other appropriate technology. Students taking this course will take an end-of-course SOL test in Algebra II. Students must pass both the course and the SOL test to earn a verified credit.

**Pre-AP Algebra II**

**Course Description**

This course is designed for advanced students who are capable of a more rigorous course at an accelerated pace. The course covers the concepts listed in the Algebra II description and provides the foundation for students to pursue a sequence of advanced mathematical studies from Math Analysis to Advanced Placement Calculus. Students will use graphing calculators, computers, and other appropriate technology. Students taking this course will take an end-of-course SOL test in Algebra II. Students must pass both the course and the SOL test to earn a verified credit.

**Elementary Math Functions**

**Course Description**

This course is an extension of the concepts learned in Algebra II and an introduction to pre-calculus concepts. The course is comprised of the following three units of study: algebra, trigonometry, and statistics. The algebra unit will include a study of linear relations and functions, systems of equations and inequalities, polynomial and rational functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, and the nature of graphs. The trigonometric unit will include a study of trigonometric functions, graphs and inverses of trigonometric functions, and trigonometric identities and equations. The statistics unit will include a study of descriptive statistics and probability. Real-world applications will be incorporated when appropriate. Students will use graphing calculators, computers, and other appropriate technology. There is no SOL test given for this course.

**Pre-AP Calculus**

**Course Description**

This is a rigorous course that includes the advanced study of algebra, theory of equations, analytic geometry, and trigonometry, and an introduction to calculus concepts. It is recommended that students demonstrate a sound understanding of the principles of Algebra I, Algebra II, and geometry before enrolling in this course. Students will use graphing calculators, computers, and other appropriate technology. There is no SOL test given for this course.

**AP Calculus**

**Course Description**

Advanced Placement Calculus is a course designed to provide advanced mathematics students an opportunity to earn college credit while simultaneously earning credit toward high school graduation. The course is intended for students who have a thorough knowledge of analytic geometry and elementary functions in addition to college preparatory algebra, geometry, and trigonometry. The purpose of the course is to prepare students for advanced placement in college calculus. The course standards incorporate The College Board Advanced Placement Course Description Syllabus. As mandated by The College Board, graphing calculators are required for this course. Instructional activities that engage students in solving application problems of varying complexities will be used. There is no SOL test given for this course.

Students receive weighted credit for participating in AP classes, they receive college credit only by achieving a high score on the College Board’s Advanced Placement Tests. There are fees for each test, which students will be responsible for paying. Colleges have different criteria for awarding credit for scores on AP tests, and it will be the responsibility of students to contact colleges to ascertain their policies regarding Advanced Placement scores.

**AP Statistics **

**Course Description**

Advanced Placement Statistics is a course designed to introduce students to the tools for collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data. The course incorporates The College Board Advanced Placement Course which exposes students to the following four themes:

1. Looking for patterns in data

2. Planning and conducting studies

3. Exploring data using probability and simulation

4. Estimating population parameters and testing hypotheses

Graphing calculators will be used in the course. There is no SOL test given for this course.

Students receive weighted credit for participating in AP classes, they receive college credit only by achieving a high score on the College Board’s Advanced Placement Tests. There are fees for each test, which students will be responsible for paying. Colleges have different criteria for awarding credit for scores on AP tests, and it will be the responsibility of students to contact colleges to ascertain their policies regarding Advanced Placement scores.